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Henri Matisse Biography

Full nameHenri-Émile-Benoît Matisse
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Birth placeLe Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord, France
Birth date1869-12-31
Died1954-11-03
Lived84 years, 10 month, 3 days
Star signCapricorn

Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse sources

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Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse Biography:

Although his areas were conventional—nudes, figures in landscapes, portraits, interior views—his ground-breaking use of brilliant colour and exaggerated shape to express emotion made him one of the most powerful artists of the 20th century. His family was employed in the grain company. As a young man Matisse was employed as a legal clerk and after that studied to get a law degree in Paris in 1887 89. Returning to your place in a law office in town of Saint Quentin, he started taking a drawing course in the mornings before he went to work. When he was 21, Matisse started painting while recuperating with an illness, and his occupation as an artist was affirmed.

He took education from well-known, old artists at well known schools including the Acadmie Julian as well as the cole des Beaux Arts. These schools educated according to the “academic approach,” which necessitated working from live models and reproducing the works of Old Masters, but Matisse was likewise subjected to the recent Post Impressionist work of Paul Czanne and Vincent van Gogh while residing in Paris. Matisse started to show his work in big group exhibits in Paris in the mid-1890s, such as the original Salon de la Socit Nationale des Beaux-Arts, and his work got some favorable interest.

He ceased presenting in the official Salon and started submitting his artwork to the more progressive Salon des Indpendants in 1901. In 1904 he had his first one man exhibit in the gallery of dealer Ambroise Vollard. Matisse had a leading creative breakthrough in the years 1904 05. He presented both paintings in the 1905 Salon d’Automne exhibit in Paris. In a report on the show, a modern art critic mentioned the bold, twisted pictures painted by particular artists he nicknamed “fauves,” or “wild animals.”

Painting in the design that came to be known as Fauvism, Matisse continued to stress the psychological power of sinuous lines, powerful brushwork and acid-brilliant colours in works like The Joy of Life, a big arrangement of female nudes in a landscape. Like much of Matisse’s mature work, this picture captured a disposition as opposed to just attempting to depict the world practically. In the initial decade of the century, Matisse also made sculptures and drawings which were occasionally associated with his paintings, constantly repeating and simplifying his types with their essence.

After locating his own style, Matisse loved a larger level of succeeding. He could go to Italy, Germany, Spain and North Africa for inspiration. He purchased a big studio in a suburb of Paris and signed a contract together with the esteemed art dealers of Galerie Bernheim-Jeune in Paris. His artwork was bought by leading collectors including Gertrude Stein in Paris as well as the Russian businessman Sergei I. Shchukin, who commissioned Matisse’s significant pair of paintings Dancing I and Music in 1909 10.

In his works of the 1910s and 1920s, Matisse continued to please and surprise his audiences along with his trademark components of saturated colours, flattened graphic space, small detail and strong outlines. Some works, like Piano Lesson (1916), investigated the constructions and geometry of Cubism, the movement initiated by Matisse’s lifelong opponent Pablo Picasso. Yet despite his revolutionary way of colour and shape, Matisse’s areas were regularly conventional: scenes of his own studio (including The Red Studio of 1911), portraits of buddies as well as family, arrangements of figures in rooms or landscapes.

In 1917 Matisse started spending winters on the Mediterranean, as well as in 1921 he moved to the town of Nice on the French Riviera. From 191830, he most often painted female nudes in carefully staged settings within his studio, using warm light and patterned backdrops. He also worked widely in printmaking during these years. The primary scholarly publication about Matisse was released in 1920, indicating his significance in the annals of contemporary art as it was still happening. He also drew novel illustrations to get a set of limited edition poetry collections.

After operation in 1941, Matisse was frequently bedridden; nevertheless, he continued to work from a bed in his studio. When needed, he’d draw using a pencil or charcoal connected to the end of a very long post that empowered him to attain the paper or canvas. It contained his 1947 novel Jazz, which put his own ideas on life and art side by side with exciting pictures of coloured paper cutouts. This job led him to formulating works that were cutouts by themselves, most notably several string of expressively formed individual figures cut from bright blue paper and glued to wall-size backdrop sheets (including Swimming Pool, 1952).

In among his final jobs, Matisse created an entire plan of ornamentation for the Chapel of the Rosary in Vence (1948 51), a town near Nice, designing stained-glass windows, murals, furnishings, as well as holy vestments for the church’s priests. Matisse expired on November 3, 1954, in the age of 84, in Nice. He’s still regarded as among the very creative and powerful artists of the 20th century.

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