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Chester A. Arthur Biography

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Chester A. Arthur was born on October 5, 1829, in North Fairfield, Vermont. As president, he supported the Pendleton Civil Service Act (1883), which provided for the available appointment and promotion of national employees according to merit instead of patronage. Arthur died in Nyc on November 18, 1886.

Chester Alan Arthur was the 2nd son of Malvina (Stone) Arthur as well as the Reverend William Arthur, a zealous Baptist abolitionist preacher, who emigrated from Ireland. Produced in North Fairfield, Vermont, his family moved throughout The Big Apple and Vermont, as his dad preached in several towns and hamlets. Throughout Arthur’s political career, it had been rumored, though never proven, that he’d really been born in Bedford, Quebec, Canada. After graduating in 1848, he taught school for some time. He was afterwards accepted to the bar and practiced law in Nyc. In 1859, he married Ellen Herndon. The couple would have three kids, one of whom died at age 3.

Arthur, with his outstanding organization and management abilities, helped give support to the Conklin political machine. As collector of the New York Customs House, he overstaffed places with political operatives who have been faithful to Conklin.

In 1878, President Rutherford B. Hayes tried to reform the patronage process and ousted Chester A. Arthur from office. As payback, Conklin organized for Arthur to be to the Republican ticket with presidential nominee James A. Garfield in 1880. Six months after his inauguration, Garfield was assassinated, and Arthur later became the 21st president of America.

On several occasions as president, Chester A. Arthur lose his image as a crafty political operator. While the Republican Party generally shielded big business, Arthur recommended lowering tariff rates to greatly help alleviate indebted farmers and middle class consumers. In 1882, he vetoed a pork barrel mission called the Rivers and Harbor Act, considering that national surpluses should visit tax help as an alternative to government costs.

Arthur spent additional time on his social life and political career than with his family. He became a little dandy in his dress and his social group in Washington, D.C. He lamented the dilapidated status of the White House, and hired Louis Comfort Tiffany to remodel it right into a show place.

Arthur kept the secret he was suffering from deadly kidney disease for quite some time. As his health declined, he ordered that all his documents, both private and professional, be combusted. Arthur expired on November 17, 1886, in the age of 57, after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage.

Chester A. Arthur Biography