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Charles IV of Spain Biography

Charles IV was born on November 11, 1748, in Portici, in the Kingdom of Naples (Italy). At age 40, he became king of Spain a job that would prove to be much too large. Together with the French Revolution under way, Charles basically turned the government over to his wife and her lover, and Spain was shortly matched from the revolutionaries. Ferdinand VII was reinstalled in 1813, and Charles died in Rome in 1819. Charles IV was a well-built young man with great physical strength, but his strength had not been matched in the intellectual domain, and he’d be known as a poor, although benign, leader when he became king in 1788, at age 40.

When Charles became king, the French Revolution was merely under way. The tumultuous times needed another powerful leader after his dad’s levelheaded reign, however they wouldn’t discover one in Charles IV. A brutal girl, Maria Luisa ruled Charles fully; his banal manner was entirely overtaken by her competitive, class nature.

Charles’s putting up with insufficient direction led him to entrust his affairs into a shadow government run by Godoy, and by 1792, Godoy was completely in charge. Charles lived in fear of the French Revolution, and his authorities, under Godoy, sided with the First Coalition against Revolutionary France. This indicated Spain’s entry to the French Revolution (1793) and led into a French invasion of Spain in 1794, that was finished the subsequent July from the Peace of Basle and after the Treaty of San Ildefonso. Napoleon invaded the Spanish land he defeated, and Charles saw a coup on the horizon. Charles shortly attempted to flee to America, however he was stopped and made to abdicate the Spanish throne by assistants of his son, Ferdinand, in March 1808.

A couple of months after Charles turned the throne of Spain around to his son (who had consequently become Ferdinand VII), Napoleon deceived them both right into a meeting at Bayonne, France, where he compelled them to collectively abdicate. Napoleon subsequently set his brother, Joseph Bonaparte, as the brand new king of Spain, and Charles and his family were held captive in France. The French were exiled in 1813, nevertheless, and Charles IV’s son once again became Ferdinand VII of Spain, returning along with his family to Spain, in 1814. Charles IV finally settled in Rome, where he expired on January 20, 1819.

Charles IV of Spain Biography