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Charles Drew Biography

Full nameCharles E. Drew Jr.

Charles E. Drew Jr. sources

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Charles E. Drew Jr. Biography:

He was an African American doctor who developed methods to process and store blood plasma in “blood banks.” He directed the blood plasma systems of America and Great Britain in the Second World War, but stepped down following a opinion the blood of African Americans could be segregated. He expired on April 1, 1950. He also handled two of the biggest blood banks during the Second World War. In his youth, Brought showedgreat fit ability. There, he differentiated himself to the track and football teams.

Drew finished his bachelor’s degree at Amherst in 1926, but did not have enough cash to pursue his dream of attending medical school. He was employed as a biology teacher as well as a mentor for Morgan College, now Morgan State University, in Baltimore for a couple of years. In 1928, he applied to medical schools and registered at McGill University in Montreal, Canada.

At McGill University, Drew immediately proved to be a top student. He did his internship and residency in the Royal Victoria Hospital as well as the Montreal General Hospital. In this time, Drew studied with Dr. John Beattie, and they analyzed dilemmas and dilemmas involving blood transfusions. After his dad’s passing, Drew returned to America. The next year, he did a operation home at Freedmen’s Hospital in Washington, D.C., in addition to his work at the university.

In 1938, Drew received a Rockefeller Fellowship to study at Columbia University and train in the Presbyterian Hospital in Nyc. There, he continued his quest of blood related issues with John Scudder. Drew developed a system for processing and maintaining blood plasma, or blood without cells. Plasma continues considerably longer than whole blood, which makes it possible to be kept or “banked” for longer periods of time. He found the plasma could be dried and after that reconstituted when needed. His research served as the foundation of his doctorate dissertation, “Banked Blood,” and he received his doctorate degree in 1940. Drew became the very first African American to earn this degree from Columbia.

As World War II raged in Europe, Drew was requested to head up a particular medical attempt called “Blood for Britain.” He formed the collection and processing of blood plasma from several New York hospitals, as well as the cargoes of the lifesaving stuff foreign to treat causalities in the war. According to a report, Drew helped gather about 14,500 pints of plasma.

In 1941, Drew worked on another blood bank attempt, this time for the American Red Cross. He worked on creating a blood bank to be utilized for U.S. military personnel. But not long into his tenure there, Drew became frustrated with all the military’s request for segregating the blood given by African Americans. In the beginning, the military didn’t need to make use of blood from African Americans, but they later said it could exclusively be useful for African American soldiers. Drew was outraged by this racist policy, and resigned his place after just a month or two.

After creating two of the initial blood banks, Drew returned to Howard University in 1941. He also became the primary surgeon at Freedmen’s Hospital. After that year, he became the very first African American examiner for the American Board of Surgery. The award was granted in acknowledgement of Drew’s blood plasma collection and distribution efforts.

For the closing years of his life, Drew continued an active and highly regarded medical professional. He continued to serve as the primary surgeon at Freedmen’s Hospital as well as a professor at Howard University. On April 1, 1950, Drew and three other doctors attended a medical convention in the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. His passengers lived, but Drew succumbed to his injuries. He left behind his own wife, Minnie, as well as their four kids.

Drew was just 45 years old during the time of his departure, which is extraordinary how much he could perform in this small period of time. As the Reverend Jerry Moore said at Drew’s funeral, Drew had “a life which pack right into some of years’ worth, so great, guys WOn’t ever have the ability to forget it.” Since his passing, Drew has received innumerable posthumous honours.

Charles Drew Biography